Genova - «From the economic point of view the cold ironing is a bloodbath: for shipowners, ports, terminal operators ». Believe it, if a say it is Davide Sciutto, responsible Technological systems of the Port System Authority Genova-Savona (Ports of Genoa). For this the AdSP launches a proposal of law to encourage use, from part of the ships that stop in port, of the connection to the power grid to operate on-board services, rather than keeping turned on the engines with the consequent environmental impact negative produced by the fumes of the smokestacks.
The proposal, transmitted yesterday from Sciutto to representatives of the Ministry of the Environment during the presentation of the dispensation on cold ironing in Genoa-Savona cured with Paolo Pinceti of the University of Genoa, acts on the lever of the charges on the cost of electricity. The AdSP essentially proposes that the ship pays to the terminal operator the supply of energy from land at the same price as today it costs him producing it on board net of 20% of the liens maintenance: 0.11 euros per kilowatt hour calculated on fuel at 500 euros per ton.
As the energy cost on the ground is 0.22 euros / kWh (0.16 euros / kWh the cost average for industrial users estimated by the Arera, added at 35% of operating costs and maintenance), the difference of ship-to-land cost would come paid to the terminal operator from customs. A sustainable mechanism: the cost of 1 kWh on medium voltage in Italy it is for 25% taxes and 40% charges of system. The theme-relief is central to support more technology expensive, but also more effective compared to other environmental measures of shipping on the table (gas, washing towers, green fuels, batteries lithium): switching off of the engines (with consequent cooling of the steel of the ship, “cold ironing” in fact) definitely nullifies the problem of noises, and transfers that of emissions from ships to power plants Italian, today fed with an energy mix made up 80% from renewable sources e natural gas, with the consequent abatement of substances pollutants in the air otherwise produced by ships.
Yesterday Ports of Genoa have proposed to be the leader of this technology in Italy, in virtue of the investments made and in progress, with relative load of bureaucratic obstacles and operating. The ports today have of a 7 megawatt structure at the Messina Terminal (since 2007); of an another structure in Pra’ for tugs from 1 million kWh / year (from 2010), power also provided to the terminal Vado ferries (since 2014); the ship repair system (cost 12 million) which from this year it can provide 10 MW and that with 3 million could be connected to the Stations Maritime via submarine cable to allow a connection for cruises and two for the ferries; the distributor of APM of 40 MW (from 2018); the system at the Pra ’terminal (10 million euro, 20 MW) work Genoa repair truck that allows shipments to be made in July 2020.