IN 2016 container traffic in Black Sea, except Turkey, fell by 12,2 % year over year during the first nine months of the year to 1,72 million teus excluding transshipments. It means 1,18 million teus were loaded containers. The one of the reason is the ongoing recession has caused some significant changes in the container market of the Black Sea region in 2015.
The formation of a global container shipping alliance between the two world’s largest container carriers – Maersk Line and MSC, also played its role in the transformation of the container shipping market of the Black Sea region. For example, in Ukraine alliance members moved their volumes to the Ilyichevsk sea fish port terminal instead of the Ilyichevsk sea commercial port terminal, while in Odessa Maersk moved its volume to the HPC-Ukraina terminal instead of Brooklyn-Kiev Port terminal. It should be noted that the geographical distribution of container volumes of the Black Sea region countries has significantly changed in 2015, in particular in Ukraine and Russia. Thus, at the port of Novorossiysk the total laden container turnover with the Far East and Southeast Asia countries.
The top-five container terminals of the region in 2015 changed their positions in total volume handled. DPW in Constanta and APMT Poti remained in first and second place respectively.While NLE, Novorossyisk, moved from the third to the fourth place and HPC Ukraine in Odessa moved up to third. NUTEP, also in Novorossiysk fell to fifth, all of these terminals except DPW suffered volume drop in 2015 compared to 2014.Solely from that perspective, one can argue that the Turkish Ports are geographically challanged to be a hub port or a transshipment port compared to the other Black Sea Ports. A lot of Cargo originated from and destined to Central Anatolia, Turkey, via Istanbul is related to countries bordering the Black Sea. Mainly Russia and Ukraine are important trade partners. At the moment the Cargo flow between Russia and Turkey takes place via Istanbul to Ankara with a road and railway connection, serving a distance of 360 kilometres.
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