Genoa - In 2019 the Italian ports have handled about 403 million tons. It holds the container sector. Roro traffic , in the past years the spearhead of Italy, shines less. Looking at the statistics of the Port network authorities, 2019 was the great year of cruises - an industry now stopped due to the effect of the coronavirus.
"Our logistics and infrastructure system has a relative capacity to attract and absorb traffic - explains Daniele Rossi, president of Assoporti, the association of Italian port Authorities (ADSPs) -. Considering this factor, combined with the slowdown of the economy in Italy and then in Europe, and the weight of the war of tariffs on international trade, the stability of our ports seems to me to have been more than good. True, the bulls are falling back, but it is a type of traffic that depends heavily on incentives that are not fixed. Incentives bring investments: in an economic situation like this, and in a sector where the number of shipowners is limited, there is prudence to invest in new lines. This is 2019 - says Rossi -. It is clear that with the coronavirus the first six months of 2020 will be a disaster. I am among the optimists: I am confident that the emergency will end in the second half of the year. But I doubt that our ports can recover everything that will be lost in the first part of the year, for the simple fact that their structure - which lacks roads, docks, railways - in short is calibrated to accommodate a given amount of traffic, not more".
The numbers: with 68.1 million tons, Genoa-Savona is the first port system in Italy, with a 3.1% drop in traffic, which operators consider almost a miracle, given the tendency of the two ports of call to amplify the effects negative contingencies - due to an internal and external infrastructural situation largely inadequate and aggravated by the collapse of the Morandi Bridge. The single port of Genoa also maintains the primacy in the handling of the containers (2,6 million teu, stationary to -0,2%). Gioia Tauro, the Italian hub of transhipment, returns to grow (2.5 million teu, + 8.4%). Livorno confirms itself as the main roro port with 16 million tons (+ 0.6%) managed in this cathegory, Ravenna the great port of solid bulk cargo (11.1 million tons, -1.2%), Trieste (43.3 million, + 0.2%) that of liquids and Civitavecchia the main port of call for cruise passengers (2.6 million passengers, + 8.6%). Sardinian ports for obvious reasons are at the top for passengers from ferries with a journey over 20 miles with 4.9 million passengers (+ 4.3%) and for passengers with a total movement (5.4 million, + 2.8%) .The most prosperous traffic, it was said, was that of cruises: with Genoa growing by 33.4% (1.3 million people), Naples-Salerno by 27.4% (1.4 million), Bari by 18 , 7% (600 thousand people), and significant peaks even in minor ports.
Interesting movements in the smaller ports of call: Marina di Carrara is the port that grows the most in 2019 (+ 20%, three million tons) also thanks to the contribution of the roro (600 thousand tons, + 19.4%). Traffic volumes are reduced, but the ADSP led by Carla Roncallo deserves credit for having reported the Tuscan airport on the transport and logistics maps. Solid bulk returns to Piombino (2.4 million, + 89.7%, more than three times that of Genoa - thanks to the Jindal effect). Salerno reappears in the passenger ferry segment: + 19.7%, 200 thousand people, more or less the same figures moved overall by Trieste (+ 83.5%) driven by the cruise mini-boom (100 thousand people, +177, 5%). The drop in bulk costs a -14.8% (9.5 tons) in Civitavecchia, but the most painful drops are those of general traffic in Venice (-5.9% at 24.9 million tons), a port with enormous potential bent by the slowdown of the North East and above all by the lack of dredging, as well as the collapse (-47.6%, 100 thousand TEU) of container traffic in Sardinia, after the closure of the Cict terminal in Cagliari. Worth noting are the -21% of cruises (600 thousand passengers) in Savona and the drop of 24.8% of the roro (6.5 million tons) in Trieste, the gateway to the Eastern Mediterranean in Italy, due to the Turkish economic crisis.